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Dimensionality Reduction and Subspace Clustering in Mixed Reality for Condition Monitoring of High-Dimensional Production Data

Hoppenstedt, Burkhard and Reichert, Manfred and Kammerer, Klaus and Probst, Thomas and Schlee, Winfried and Spiliopoulou, Myra and Pryss, Rüdiger (2019) Dimensionality Reduction and Subspace Clustering in Mixed Reality for Condition Monitoring of High-Dimensional Production Data. Sensors, 19 . p. 3303. ISSN 1424-8220

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/18/3903

Abstract

Visual analytics are becoming more and more important in the light of big data and related scenarios. Along this trend, the field of immersive analytics has been variously furthered as it is able to provide sophisticated visual data analytics on one hand, while preserving user-friendliness on the other. Furthermore, recent hardware developments like smart glasses, as well as achievements in virtual-reality applications, have fanned immersive analytic solutions. Notably, such solutions can be very effective when they are applied to high-dimensional data sets. Taking this advantage into account, the work at hand applies immersive analytics to a high-dimensional production data set in order to improve the digital support of daily work tasks. More specifically, a mixed-reality implementation is presented that shall support manufactures as well as data scientists to comprehensively analyze machine data. As a particular goal, the prototype shall simplify the analysis of manufacturing data through the usage of dimensionality reduction effects. Therefore, five aspects are mainly reported in this paper. First, it is shown how dimensionality reduction effects can be represented by clusters. Second, it is presented how the resulting information loss of the reduction is addressed. Third, the graphical interface of the developed prototype is illustrated as it provides a (1) correlation coefficient graph, a (2) plot for the information loss, and a (3) 3D particle system. In addition, an implemented voice recognition feature of the prototype is shown, which was considered as being promising to select or deselect data variables users are interested in when analyzing the data. Fourth, based on a machine learning library, it is shown how the prototype reduces computational resources by the use of smart glasses. The main idea is based on a recommendation approach as well as the use of subspace clustering. Fifth, results from a practical setting are presented, in which the prototype was shown to domain experts. The latter reported that such a tool is actually helpful to analyze machine data on a daily basis. Moreover, it was reported that such system can be used to educate machine operators more properly. As a general outcome of this work, the presented approach may constitute a helpful solution for the industry as well as other domains like medicine.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:DBIS Research > Publications
ID Code:1881
Deposited By: Herr Burkhard Hoppenstedt
BibTex Export:BibTeX
Deposited On:23 Mar 2020 21:29
Last Modified:23 Mar 2020 22:00

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