“Help in a Heartbeat?”: A Systematic Evaluation of Mobile Health Applications (Apps) for Coronary Heart Disease

Mack, Chiara and Terhorst, Yannik and Stephan, Mirjam and Baumeister, Harald and Stach, Michael and Messner, Eva-Maria and Bengel, Jürgen and Sander, Lasse B. (2021) “Help in a Heartbeat?”: A Systematic Evaluation of Mobile Health Applications (Apps) for Coronary Heart Disease. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (19). ISSN 1660-4601

[img] PDF - Registered users only - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader

Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/19/10323


For patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) lifestyle changes and disease management are key aspects of treatment that could be facilitated by mobile health applications (MHA). However, the quality and functions of MHA for CHD are largely unknown, since reviews are missing. Therefore, this study assessed the general characteristics, quality, and functions of MHA for CHD. Hereby, the Google Play and Apple App stores were systematically searched using a web crawler. The general characteristics and quality of MHA were rated with the Mobile Application Rating Scale (MARS) by two independent raters. From 3078 identified MHA, 38 met the pre-defined criteria and were included in the assessment. Most MHA were affiliated with commercial companies (52.63) and lacked an evidence-base. An overall average quality of MHA (M = 3.38, SD = 0.36) was found with deficiencies in information quality and engagement. The most common functions were provision of information and CHD risk score calculators. Further functions included reminders (e.g., for medication or exercises), feedback, and health management support. Most MHA (81.58) had one or two functions and MHA with more features had mostly higher MARS ratings. In summary, this review demonstrated that a number of potentially helpful MHA for patients with CHD are commercially available. However, there is a lack of scientific evidence documenting their usability and clinical potential. Since it is difficult for patients and healthcare providers to find suitable and high-quality MHA, databases with professionally reviewed MHA are required.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:coronary heart disease (CHD); apps; mobile health; eHealth; systematic evaluation
Subjects:DBIS Research > Publications
ID Code:2093
Deposited By: Michael Stach
BibTex Export:BibTeX
Deposited On:14 Nov 2022 14:51
Last Modified:14 Nov 2022 14:51

Repository Staff Only: item control page