Utilizing the Capabilities Offered by Eye-Tracking to Foster Novices' Comprehension of Business Porcess Models

Zimoch, Michael and Pryss, Rüdiger and Layher, Georg and Neumann, Heiko and Probst, Thomas and Schlee, Winfried and Reichert, Manfred (2018) Utilizing the Capabilities Offered by Eye-Tracking to Foster Novices' Comprehension of Business Porcess Models. In: International Conference on Cognitive Computing (ICCC'2018), Seattle.

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Business process models constitute fundamental artifacts for enterprise architectures as well as for the engineering of processes and information systems. However, less experienced stakeholders (i.e., novices) face a wide range of issues when trying to read and comprehend these models. In particular, process model comprehension not only requires knowledge on process modeling notations, but also skills to visually and correctly interpret the models. In this context, many unresolved issues concerning the factors hindering process model comprehension exist and, hence, the identification of these factors becomes crucial. Using eye-tracking as an instrument, this paper presents the
results obtained of a study, in which we analyzed eye-movements of novices and experts, while comprehending process models expressed in terms of the Business
Process Model and Notation (BPMN) 2.0. Further, recorded eye-movements are visualized as scan paths to analyze the applied comprehension strategies. We learned that experts comprehend process models more effectively than novices. In
addition, we observed particular patterns for eye-movements (e.g., back-and-forth saccade jumps) as well as different strategies of novices and experts in comprehending process models.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: DBIS Research > Publications
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science > Institute of Databases and Informations Systems > DBIS Research and Teaching > DBIS Research > Publications
Depositing User: Herr Michael Winter
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2018 17:35
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2018 13:42
URI: http://dbis.eprints.uni-ulm.de/id/eprint/1616

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